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The risk of type 2 diabetes

Learn about Diabetes Type 2.

Is waistband feeling a bit tight?

Did you know that carrying excess weight around your middle can be a risk factor for developing Diabetes Type 2 and being overweight leaves you more at risk of developing the condition?

Many people remain unaware of risk factors, (often hidden and overlooked) that can lead to type 2 diabetes, recently referred to in a tabloid newspaper as the ‘silent killer’.

Type 2 diabetes is a condition where your blood glucose is too high due to lack of insulin or insulin resistance.  Unlike Type 1 Diabetes which is an autoimmune disease, Type 2 can actually be caused by lifestyle with cases increasing dramatically in western countries.

Signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes can include:

·         Feeling exhausted

·         Unexplained weight loss

·         Increased thirst

·         Increased urination (especially at night)

·         Itching around the genital area and repeatedly getting thrush

·         Cuts and wounds taking longer to heal

·         Blurred vision

Do not fear however as the condition is often reversible through a healthy diet and exercise, evidence shows that losing bodyweight can bring diabetes into remission!

If you find it hard to change your diet a dietitian can help you and only 2.5 hours (aim for 30 mins, 5 times per week) of physical exercise per week can lower blood sugar levels.

A healthy diet should be low in saturated fat, high in fiber, and include a variety of fruits and vegetables.  The Eatwell guide represents the main food groups and shows how these foods should be eaten as part of a well-balanced diet.

Conclusively, weight loss is ultimately the most important thing you can do to help control blood sugar levels, allowing insulin to work and reduce resistance.

Kerry Sunley BSc (Hons) Food Science and Nutrition – The Sports Dietitian Team.

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